2982018714_18036d4633.jpg Voltaire attacks Leibniz, another philosopher whose ideas were taught throughout Europe, consistently throughout Candide. Voltaire does not support the idea that everything is predetermined, human nature has no effect on the outcome of events, and that everything happens because it was decided by god in order to preserve the best of all worlds. Voltaire believes that people do act with their own self-interest in mind in most cases and that they have the ability to control the outcome of events on their own.
Voltaire points out a flaw in Leibniz’s philosophical ideology, which denies that human beings have free will:
“‘It would seem that Monsieur does not believe in Original Sin; for it all is as well as you sat, there has neither been Fall or Punishment.’ “I most Humbly beg pardon of your Excellency,’ replied Pangloss still more politely, “ but the Fall of Man and Adam’s curse are necessity events within the best of all possible worlds.’—‘Then Monsieur does not believe in free will?’ Asked the agent.—“Your Excellency will forgive me,’ said Pangloss, ‘but free will can coexist with absolute necessity; for it was necessary that we be free, since ultimately a pre-determined will…” ( 15).
Pangloss has said that human beings have freewill which has been predetermined by god. Voltaire is pointing out that Optimism attributes everything to an act of god but therefore denies Original Sin and the Fall. The Fall was caused by the free will of man and temptation, if god had already determined the acts of Adam and Eve temptation would have been an act of god and therefore, they would not have been kicked out of Eden.